When Microsoft released the Consumer Preview of Windows 8, they also introduced the Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit, in short Windows ADK. With the release of the Windows 8 Release Preview (or release candidate) Microsoft also supplied an updated version of the ADK.
The Windows ADK contains updated tools which used to be part of both the Windows Automated Installation Kit (AIK) and the Windows OEM Preinstallation Kit (Windows OPK). Windows APK can be used for two scenarios: Windows Deployment and Windows assessment.
The Windows Deployment tools help IT Professionals with the deployment of a new version of Windows. Most of these tools are used as a basis for other Deployment tools, like the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit (MDT), the Operating System Deployment (OSD) functionality in System Center Configuration Manager (ConfigMgr) and since version 2012 also for System Center Virtual Machine Manager (SCVMM) to deploy both Operating Systems to bare metal servers and Operating Systems running on top of on of the three Hypervisors that SCVMM can manage (Microsoft Hyper-V, VMware vShpere and Citrix Xen). The products using the functionality of the Windows ADK will most probably be updated after the release of Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012 so that they can use the Windows ADK instead of the Windows AIK. ConfigMgr and SCVMM currently don’t support the use of the ADK and MDT provides support for the ADK for non production Windows deployments
Besides that the Deployment tools contain tools to test and mitigate application compatibility issues, migrate user data from an old OS to a new OS and Manage licenses across many machines from a central console.Read More